The Romans brought the vine to Burgundy, but monks really started to cultivate the wine: not only for the mass, but even more for their guests who they wanted to offer the very best. The monks selected the grape varieties and improved the wine techniques further and further. Wine gradually became a political instrument. Philip the Bold (1342-1404) always brought wine with him and stimulated the cultivation of quality grapes, in fact the forerunner of the appellation d’origine contrôlée. Burgundy now has 100 appellations and nowhere else is the wine so permeated in the lives of the people. Burgundians can tell about it so vividly: the soil, the slope, the location, the sun hours, the wind …. wine belongs to their life.